How To Clean Pearl Jewellery

Pearl jewellery are timeless treasures that exude elegance and sophistication. To maintain their exquisite beauty, pearls require special care and attention. Unlike other gemstones, pearls are delicate and can easily lose their luster if not properly maintained.

At J.H. Young Jewellers, we understand the intricacies of pearl care and are passionate about helping you preserve cherished pieces. This comprehensive guide will provide you with expert tips and techniques on how to clean and care for your pearl jewellery, ensuring it remains radiant and beautiful for years to come.

Understanding the Composition of Pearls

Pearls are composed of calcium carbonate in minute crystalline form, which gives them their unique luster. This makes them more susceptible to damage from acids, alkaline solutions, and excessive moisture. Avoid using acidic products such as perfume and hairspray when wearing pearl jewellery, as daily use can cause damage to the pearls surface. 

Frequency of Cleaning

Unlike other gemstones, pearls should not be cleaned too frequently. Over-cleaning can wear down the nacre. Nacre is the iridescent layers of organic-inorganic composite material that forms a pearl. Damaging the nacre can result in dull, rough, or uneven surface of the pearls. A gentle wipe after each use is often sufficient, with a more thorough cleaning needed only occasionally.

Choosing the Right Cloth

Use a soft, natural-fiber cloth such as cotton or microfiber. Avoid using paper towels or tissues, as these can contain abrasives that may scratch the pearls.

Avoiding Ultrasonic Cleaners

Ultrasonic cleaners are commonly used for cleaning jewellery but are not suitable for pearls. The vibrations can cause the nacre to detach from the pearl, leading to irreparable damage.

Use of Distilled Water

Tap water may contain chlorine or other chemicals that can damage pearls over time. Using distilled water for cleaning ensures that no harmful substances come into contact with the pearls.

pH-Balanced Cleaning Solutions

Ensure that the soap used is pH-balanced and free of any harsh detergents. Baby shampoo is often recommended due to its mild formulation.

Cleaning the String

If your pearls are strung on silk or other natural fibers, it's important to clean the string as well. Dip the string in the soapy water and gently pat dry, avoiding soaking the string to prevent weakening it.

Post-Cleaning Care

After cleaning, allow the pearls to air dry completely before storing them. Any residual moisture can weaken the silk thread or cause mildew to form.

Preparing the Cleaning Solution

Mix a few drops of mild, pH-balanced soap with distilled water in a bowl. Ensure the solution is lukewarm, not hot, as excessive heat can damage the pearls.

Cleaning the Pearls

Dip a soft cloth into the solution and wring out excess liquid. Gently wipe each pearl individually, paying attention to avoid tugging on the string.

Rinsing and Drying

Use a separate cloth dampened with distilled water to remove any soap residue. Lay the pearls flat on a clean, soft towel and let them air dry completely.

Separate Storage

Store pearls separately from other jewellery to prevent scratching. Use a dedicated compartment in your jewellery box or a soft pouch.

Periodic Restringing

To ensure the integrity of the string, pearls should be restrung periodically. This prevents breakage and potential loss of pearls. A jeweller can use knotting techniques to add extra security.

Signs of Damage

Regularly inspect your pearls for signs of damage, such as dullness, spots, or cracks in the nacre. These can indicate that the pearls need professional care.

Caring for pearl jewellery involves understanding their unique composition and adopting gentle, thoughtful cleaning practices. By incorporating these nuanced aspects into your care routine, you can ensure that your pearls remain lustrous and beautiful for generations. At J.H. Young Jewellers, we offer expert advice and professional services to help you maintain your cherished pearl jewellery. Visit us to learn more about our offerings and to experience the elegance and sophistication that our brand represents.

Visit Us Today:

J.H. Young Jewellers 126 Lynden Road, Brantford Ontario.
Call us at (519) 732-2330. 

Business Hours: 

Monday-Wednesday & Friday, 9:30 AM - 5:30 PM

Thursday 9:30 AM - 7:00 PM 

Saturday 9:30 AM - 5:00 PM 



Enhance the longevity and beauty of your pearls with proper care. Trust J.H. Young Jewellers for all your jewellery needs.